Diwali is a happy time, but be safe from fire accidents. However with little precautions and care. We can enjoy a safe festival. However we all need to be educated how to deal with burns.
First of all,
Learn to differentiate between major and minor burns.
In 1st degree burns (minor):It involves only outer layer of skin
In 2nd degree burns (moderate):Red, white or splotchy skin
If larger area is involved, consider it as major burn and seek immediate medical help.
In 3rd degree burns:
The most serious burns involving all layers of skin, muscle and underlying fat.
There may be charring of skin, the person may experience
- Difficult breathing
- Carbon monoxide poisoning, due to smoke inhalation.
Some tips to prevent accidents,
- Children should be under adult supervision.
- Avoid nylon and synthetic fabrics which tend to catch fire.
SOME FIRST AID TIPS
In event of minor burns hold the area under running cool tap water (not too cold) or immerse in cool water for 15-20 min.
- Cover the burnt area with sterile gauge.
- Do not use fluffy cotton.
- Do not use Ice.
- Do not use butter, ghee etc.
- Do not use alcohol based antiseptics.
- Do not break the blisters.
- Do not remove the stuck on clothing in major burns.
A good moisturizer, Aloe vera gel can be tried as home remedy.
- Give over the counter pain reliever such as Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen.
- Seek medical help. The doctor may prescribe Antibiotics, painkillers and medicine to hasten wound healing.
- Consider a Tetanus shot.
FIRST AID FOR MAJOR BURNS
- Put off the fire.
- Roll the victim in a blanket.
- Call emergency.
- Do not immerse severe burns in cold water(leads to circulatory failure shock).
- Check signs of circulation, breathing coughing and movement.
- Elevate the burnt parts above the heart level(around 12 inches).
- Can cover the area with moist towels.
Cardio pulmonary resuscitation with chest compressions and mouth-to-mouth breathing are done if signs of circulation are absent by the emergency staff.