Skin and Nutrition

Skin and Nutrition

Good nutrition retards aging process increases immunity, wound healing and protects against various skin diseases

  • Alcohol has adverse effect on particularly B-complex, Zinc, and Magnesium.
  • Coffee and tea inhibitors of Iron & Zinc
  • Vitamin –A:
    • Essential for normal functioning of skin, eyes and goudas.
    • clinical features of vit- A deficiency-Asteatoses
    • Phrynoderma(toad skin)-B-complex, VIT-A, VIT-E and essential fatty acids are needed
  • Vitamin-B:
    • complex and essential fatty acids(ex:- safflower oil)
    • Dietary sources -Butter, ghee, whole milk, curd, fish-liver oil all carotene rich foods(carrots, cabbage, tomato, mango etc.
    • Excess intake of vit-A causes hyper vitaminosis A (toxicity)
  • Vitamin- D:
    • D2 (ergocalciferol & D3 cholecalciferol)
    • Vit- D helps in absorption of calcium and phosphorous from digestive tract.
    • Sources:- fortified foods

Cereals

Dairy products

Fish lives oil

Fatty fish

    • Vit D3 is a pro-harmone.
    • Adeguate vit-D be obtained by exposure to morning sunlight 200-400IC
  • Vitamin-E:
    • Vit- E is the most important anti-oxidant.
    • The vit- E requirement is linked with essential fatty acids intake.
    • Nuts, wheat germ oil, whole cereals barley and rice bran oil.
  • Vitamin- B1:
    • Concerned to the skin it causes burning sensation of pins & needles, glove & stockings type of anesthesia common food sources.
    • Un milled cereals, nuts, liver, meat, eggs ect yeast is rich in B1.
  • Vitamin- B2:
    • Deficiency seen as pallor and maceration of mucosa at angles of mouth dryness of skin,(Angular cheilitis).
    • Milk and milk products, eggs, liver, green leafy vegetables are fair sources.
  • Vitamin-B3: (Niacin)
    • Deficiency causes a skin disease called pellagra along with it decreased B2 and B6, protein intake causes pellagra(rough skin).
    • Occurs in middle age individuals patches of redness and dry skin seen around neck, dorsum of hands, elbows, knees and dorsum of legs commonly seen in alcoholics.
  • Vitamin- B12: (Cyncobalamin)
    • primary deficiency occurs due to  inadeguate diet in vegetarians
    • B-12 dificiency causes hyper pigmentation (darkness) on the dorsal aspect of hands particularly knuckles.
    • Folic acid and B12 are useful to prevent spread of vitiligo.
  • Biotin:
    • Vitamin essential for hair and nails.